Accelerated Deep Reinforcement Learning Based Load Shedding for Emergency Voltage Control
Abstract: Load shedding has been one of the most widely used and effective emergency control approaches against voltage instability. With increased uncertainties and rapidly changing operational conditions in power systems, existing methods have outstanding issues in terms of either speed, adaptiveness, or scalability. Deep reinforcement learning (DRL) was regarded and adopted as a promising approach for fast and adaptive grid stability control in recent years. However, existing DRL algorithms show two outstanding issues when being applied to power system control problems: 1) computational inefficiency that requires extensive training and tuning time; and 2) poor scalability making it difficult to scale to high dimensional control problems. To overcome these issues, an accelerated DRL algorithm named PARS was developed and tailored for power system voltage stability control via load shedding. PARS features high scalability and is easy to tune with only five main hyperparameters. The method was tested on both the IEEE 39-bus and IEEE 300-bus systems, and the latter is by far the largest scale for such a study. Test results show that, compared to other methods, PARS has much better computational efficiency, and excellent scalability and generalization capability.